AVICENNA (IBN SINA) AND MENINGITIS

edinburgh_skull_trepanning_showing_hole_in_back_of_skull_wellcome_m0009393

To see my menu of all Muslim science posts, click https://muslimscience.blog/2016/08/10/mymenu/

removing a portion of the skull to relieve pressure from a swelling brain

Avicenna (Ibn-Sīnā) diagnosed meningitis (swelling of the membrane surrounding the brain or spinal cord) in the 11th century. His successful treatment was a
Craniectomy operation which removed part of the skull to give a swelling brain room to expand.
He was not the first to perform this operation, which had been explained by Hippocrates (460-370 B.C.).
http://scienceblogs.com/neurophilosophy/2008/01/24/an-illustrated-history-of-trep/
The operation is also called trepanation or trepanning.

Image by Wellcome Library, London, via Wikimedia Commons.

Image credit https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Edinburgh_Skull,_trepanning_showing_hole_in_back_of_skull_Wellcome_M0009393.jpg#mw-jump-to-license

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